Lingzhi mushroom:Other Cultivated Species:(5).Ganoderma multiplicatum.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Lingzhi mushroom other cultivated species, (5).Ganoderma multiplicatum, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these cultivated fungus species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these cultivated fungus species, the features of these cultivated fungus species, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Lingzhi mushroom:Other Cultivated Species:(5).Ganoderma multiplicatum.

 There are about 250 kinds of Fungus of the Ganoderma genus, in China, there are almost 98~100 species of fungus found to belong to the 4 Ganoderma genera, and Ganodermataceae family, they grow and spread from south to north.

 Except for the species which defined and recommended by Common herbal classics, (1).Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss.ex Fr.) Karst.,or (2).Ganoderma sinense Zhao, Xu et Zhang. There are several other species of Ganoderma cultivated in China nowadays, they are known including species: (3).Ganoderma tsugae, (4).Ganoderma hainanense, (5).Ganoderma multiplicatum, (6).Ganoderma tenue, (7).Ganoderma atrum., (8).Ganoderma shandongense. These commonly cultivated species are introduced:

(5).Ganoderma multiplicatum.


 Ganoderma multiplicatum Mont.Pat. Botanical description: Ganoderma multiplicatum (Mont.) Pat is a fungus of the Ganodermataceae or Polyporaceae family and Ganoderma genus, it is commonly known as Yellow Ganoderma, or Huang LingZhi (which means Yellow Ganoderma); the basidiocarp (fruiting body) is annual, sessile, suberinite to ligneous; the pileus (cap) is rimous (cracked), orbicular (subrotund), 9 × 12 cm; the surface has a brown and khaki alternate wide ring edge and annule, slightly with lacquer-like luster; the edge is undulated, obtuse; the thickness of the context is about 0.5 cm; the upper layer is fawn color (flavotestaceous); the lower layer is darker, brown or bistre (seal brown); the fungus tube is brown, about 0.9 cm long; the pore surface is brown; the tube orifice is slightly rounded; the wall of the tube is slightly thicker, 4~5 per mm. Sessile, but at the junction of the pileus (cap) and substratum, there is a very short prosthecae base.

 Ganoderma tsugae. The husk structure is an irregular sporiferous layer type, and compositive hyphae are hazel (pale brown); the tip is usually not enlarged, different in length, not on the same horizontal line, and accumulates together in a tuft; length is 10–15–22.5 μm, width is 4–5 μm. The lower part of the hypha is buried and hidden in black gelatinous substances (colloid substances).

 The mycelial system is a three-body type: generative hypha are colorless to slightly hazel (pale brown), leptodermous (thin wall), 3–5 μm in diameter; skeletal hyphae are hazel (pale brown), pachypleurous (thick wall) to farctate, dendritic branching or acicular, the skeletal part is 3–5 μm in dry diameter, flagelliform colorless binding hypha is formed at the end tip of branches; binding hypha is colorless, pachypleurous (thick wall), ramificate, 1–2 μm in diameter.

 The basidiospores are broad-ovate (broadly ovate) or nearly broadly elliptical, double wall, the outer wall is colorless and transparent, smooth, the inner wall is hazel (pale brown), and the inner wall has conspicuous spinules, 7.8–8.8×5.7–7 μm.

 Ganoderma tsugae. Ecological Environment: Ganoderma multiplicatum (Mont.) Pat grows in the larch trunk base. This species is mainly distributed in Angola, Brazil, China, Zaire, and Zambia. This species has functions to benefit the spleen and is good for common symptoms of weight loss, night sweats, anorexia and more hiccups, shortness of breath, boredom, stools, diarrhea, weak resistance, etc. Good effect on lung cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer, pancreas, and so on.
 

 
  

 

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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ling Zhi:Lucid Ganoderma or Ganoderma Lucidium.
  • 2.Lingzhi mushroom:Other Cultivated Species,Ganoderma multiplicatum.

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