Introduction of Qing Feng Teng:Orientvine Stem or Caulis Sinomenii.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon06 Introduction: Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.

 
Caulis Sinomenii(Orientvine Stem).

Orientvine Stem Pin Yin Name: Qīnɡ Fēnɡ Ténɡ.
 English Name: Orientvine Stem.
 Latin Name: Caulis Sinomenii.
 Property and flavor: warm, pungent, bitter.

 Brief introduction: The herb Caulis Sinomenii is the dried lianoid stem of Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils., or Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils.(family Menispermaceae), used to dispel wind-damp and alleviate pain in cases of rheumatic arthritis, articular swelling and pain. The herb is commonly known as Caulis Sinomenii, Orientvine Stem, Qīnɡ Fēnɡ Ténɡ.

 Sinomenium acutum Thunb.Rehd.et Wils.:growing leaves Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Caulis Sinomenii(Orientvine Stem) as the dried lianoid stem of (1). Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils., or (2). Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils. They are plants of the Menispermaceae family, Ranales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

(1).Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.)Rehd.et Wils.


 Sinomenium acutum Thunb.Rehd.et Wils.:climbing plants Botanical description: It is commonly known as Qīng Téng. Wood lianas, up to 20 meters long. Stem grayish brown, with irregular cracks; Branchlets terete, linear, pilose or subglabrous. Leaves papery to leathery, cordate or ovoid, 7~15 cm long, 5~10 cm wide, apex acuminate or acute, base cordate or sub truncate, entire or 3~7 angular-lobed, upper green, lower glaucous, young leaves tomentose, old leaves glabrous or just below pilose, palmate veins are usually 5; Petiole length 5~15 cm. Panicles axillary, large, hairy; Flowers small, yellowish-green, unisexual plant; 6 sepals, 2-wheeled, abaxially pilose; 6 petals, 0.7-1 mm long; 9~12 male flowers and stamens; Female flowers sterile; stamens filiform, 3 carpels. Drupe oblate, slightly askew, 5~8 mm in diameter, red to clear red. Its flowering period is summer, fruiting in autumn.

 Sinomenium acutum Thunb.Rehd.et Wils.:climbing plants Ecological environment: The plant grows in forests, forest margins, gullies or thickets, climbing on trees or stone mountains. Resources distribution: The plant distributes in the Yangtze river basin and the south areas of China, south to the north of Guangdong province.

 Growth characteristics: The plant Sinomenium acutum prefers a cool and humid climate. Under the conditions of abundant rainfall, fog and high soil and air humidity, the plants grow vigorously. It is advisable to cultivate in sandy loam with abundant and fertile humus.

 Orientvine Stem:herb photo Characters of herbs: stem cylindrical, slightly curved, slender stems bent into bundles, 0.5~2 cm in diameter, greenish-brown to gray-brown in the surface, with longitudinal wrinkles, fine transverse cracks, and lenticels, nodes slightly enlarged, with protruding branch marks or leaf marks. Thin stem brittle slightly hard, relatively easy to break, the cross-section of the wood part grayish brown, cracked sheet; Rough stem hard, cross-section brown, wood with radial texture xi said wheel grain and can be seen most holes, the center pith fine, yellow and white, some odor, taste slightly bitter. A uniform strip is preferred.

 Medicinal efficacy: Dispelling wind and remove dampness through diuresis, activate blood circulation and detoxify. It is indicated for rheumatism arthralgia, arthroncus of the knee, edema, beriberi, traumatic injury of fall, fracture, deep abscess, osteomyelitis, suppurative arthritis, spondylitis, swelling ulcer and swollen poison, itchy skin, etc.

 Administration of Caulis Sinomenii(Qīnɡ Fēnɡ Ténɡ): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Caulis Sinomenii(Qīnɡ Fēnɡ Ténɡ)
TCM Books: Internally:water decoction,9~15 grams, big dosage could be 30~60 grams, or infusing in wine.Externally:proper amount,fresh herb mashed and apply stick,or fumigation wash with water decoction(CHMM).

(2).Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils.


 Botanical description: It is commonly known as Máo Qīng Téng. This variety is very similar to the Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils. The main difference lies in: the leaf surface is short villi, the lower surface is grayish-white, denser villi; Inflorescences and young stems are also with short villi.
 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Qing Feng Teng:Orientvine Stem or Caulis Sinomenii.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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