Introduction of Qing Feng Teng:Orientvine Stem or Caulis Sinomenii.
✵The article gives records of the herb Orientvine Stem, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source two plant species, ①.Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils., ②.Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these two plant species, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these two plant species, the features of the herb Orientvine Stem, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Caulis Sinomenii(Orientvine Stem).
Pin Yin Name: Qīnɡ Fēnɡ Ténɡ.
English Name: Orientvine Stem.
Latin Name: Caulis Sinomenii.
Property and flavor: warm, pungent, bitter.
Brief introduction: The herb Caulis Sinomenii is the dried lianoid stem of Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils., or Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils.(family Menispermaceae), used to dispel wind-damp and alleviate pain in cases of rheumatic arthritis, articular swelling and pain. The herb is commonly known as Caulis Sinomenii, Orientvine Stem, Qīnɡ Fēnɡ Ténɡ.
Botanical source: Official herbal classics and other famous herbal classics defined the herb Caulis Sinomenii(Orientvine Stem) as the dried lianoid stem of (1). Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils., or (2). Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils. They are plants of the Menispermaceae family, Ranales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:
(1).Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.)Rehd.et Wils.
Botanical description: It is commonly known as Qīng Téng. Wood lianas, up to 20 meters long. Stem grayish brown, with irregular cracks; Branchlets terete, linear, pilose or subglabrous. Leaves papery to leathery, cordate or ovoid, 7~15 cm long, 5~10 cm wide, apex acuminate or acute, base cordate or sub truncate, entire or 3~7 angular-lobed, upper green, lower glaucous, young leaves tomentose, old leaves glabrous or just below pilose, palmate veins are usually 5; Petiole length 5~15 cm. Panicles axillary, large, hairy; Flowers small, yellowish-green, unisexual plant; 6 sepals, 2-wheeled, abaxially pilose; 6 petals, 0.7-1 mm long; 9~12 male flowers and stamens; Female flowers sterile; stamens filiform, 3 carpels. Drupe oblate, slightly askew, 5~8 mm in diameter, red to clear red. Its flowering period is summer, fruiting in autumn.
Ecological environment: The plant grows in forests, forest margins, gullies or thickets, climbing on trees or stone mountains. Resources distribution: The plant distributes in the Yangtze river basin and the south areas of China, south to the north of Guangdong province.
Growth characteristics: The plant Sinomenium acutum prefers a cool and humid climate. Under the conditions of abundant rainfall, fog and high soil and air humidity, the plants grow vigorously. It is advisable to cultivate in sandy loam with abundant and fertile humus.
Characters of herbs: The stem is cylindrical, slightly curved, and the thin stems are curved into bundles, with a diameter of 0.5~2 cm. The surface is green-brown to gray-brown, with longitudinal wrinkles, fine transverse cracks, and lenticels. The nodes are slightly expanded, with protruding branch marks or leaf marks. The thin stem is brittle and slightly hard, which is easy to break, and the wood part is grayish brown and split-like; The stem is thick and hard, the fracture surface is brown, the wood part has radial texture, commonly known as wheel pattern, and many small holes can be seen, with tiny pith in the center, yellowish-white, the herb has a slight odor, it tastes slightly bitter. The herb which has even stripes is better.
Medicinal efficacy: Dispelling wind and remove dampness through diuresis, activate blood circulation and detoxify. It is indicated for rheumatism arthralgia, arthroncus of the knee, edema, beriberi, traumatic injury of fall, fracture, deep abscess, osteomyelitis, suppurative arthritis, spondylitis, swelling ulcer and swollen poison, itchy skin, etc.
Administration of Caulis Sinomenii(Qīnɡ Fēnɡ Ténɡ):
Administration Guide of Caulis Sinomenii(Qīnɡ Fēnɡ Ténɡ)
①.Internally:water decoction,9~15 grams, big dosage could be 30~60 grams, or infusing in wine.Externally:proper amount,fresh herb mashed and apply stick,or fumigation wash with water decoction.
(2).Sinomenium acutum var.cinereum Rehd.et Wils.
Botanical description: It is commonly known as Máo Qīng Téng. This variety is very similar to the Sinomenium acutum(Thunb.) Rehd.et Wils. The main difference lies in: the leaf surface is short villi, the lower surface is grayish-white, denser villi; Inflorescences and young stems are also with short villi.
Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs.
Introduction: Dispelling Wind-Damp Herbs: an agent or substance herbs that dispels wind and damp, mainly for relieving rheumatism and related conditions.
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1.Introduction of Qing Feng Teng:Orientvine Stem or Caulis Sinomenii.