Introduction of Sheng Jiang:Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens or Fresh Ginger.
✵The article gives records of the herb fresh ginger, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, and its botanical source one plant species, ①.Zingiber officinale Rosc., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of the plant, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of the plant, the features of the herb fresh ginger, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.
Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens(Fresh Ginger).
Pin Yin Name: Shēng Jiāng.
English Name: Fresh Ginger.
Latin Name: Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens.
Property and flavor: warm, pungent.
Brief introduction: The herb Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens is the fresh rhizome of Zingiber officinale(Willd.)Rosc.(family Zingiberaceae), used as (1).to induce sweating for releasing the superficies in cases of wind-cold affliction, (2).to warm the middle for stopping vomiting. The herb is commonly known as Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens, Fresh Ginger, Shēnɡ Jiānɡ.
Botanical source: The herb Fresh Ginger(Sheng Jiang) is the fresh rhizome(tuber or rootstalk) of Zingiber officinale Rosc., it is a plant species of the Zingiber genus, the Zingiberaceae family(ginger family), the Zingiberales order.
(1).Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Botanical description: Zingiber officinale Rosc is a perennial herb, it grows up to 50~80 cm high. The rhizome is thick and hypertrophic, the cross-section is yellow and white, and it has a strong spicy odor. Leaves are alternate, arranged in 2 rows, sessile, stems are clasping; The paraphyll is 2~4 mm long; Leaves are lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 15~30 cm long, 1.5~2.2 cm wide, apex gradually narrows to a point, the base is narrow, sheath-like stalk, glabrous. Scape grows out from rhizome, 15~25 cm long; Spikes are elliptic, 4~5 cm long; Bracts are ovate, about 2.5 cm long, pale green, pale yellow at the edge, with a small tip at the apex; Calyx tube is about 1 cm long, with 3 short pointed teeth; Corolla is yellow-green, the tube is 2~2.5 cm long, 3 lanceolate lobes, less than 2 cm long, the middle lobe of the lip is oblong and obovate, shorter than the corolla lobes, with purple stripes and pale yellow spots, and oval, yellow-green lobes on both sides with purple edges; 1 stamen, dark purple, anthers are about 9 mm long, and connective appendages wrap the style; Ovary is 3-locule, glabrous, 1 style, stigma is subglobose. Capsule, many seeds, black. Its flowering period is in August.
Growth characteristics: Zingiber officinale Rosc prefers warm and humid environmental conditions, is not resistant to low temperature and frost, afraid of dampness, and afraid of direct light. It is advisable to choose sloping land and slightly overcast plots for cultivation, better choose deep, loose, fertile, and well-drained sandy loam to heavy loam.
Characters of herbs: This herb is an irregular block, slightly flat, with finger branches, 4 ~ 18 cm long and 1 ~ 3 cm thick. The surface is yellow-brown or grayish-brown, with ring joint, and there are stem marks or buds at the top of branches. Brittle, easily broken, light yellow in cross-section, obvious ring pattern in the endodermis, and scattered vascular bundles. It has a special aroma and the taste is spicy. Likewise, it is better to have large, plump, and tender pieces.
Pharmacological actions: ①. Reduce the range of stomach motion in vivo in rabbits, non-competitive antagonistic effect; ②. Significantly inhibit acid and stress-induced gastric mucosa injury in rats; ③. Resist the vomiting effect of cupric sulfate; ④. Inhibitory effects on liver injury.
Medicinal efficacy: Ginger dissipating cold and relieving exterior syndrome, calm the adverse-rising energy and controlling nausea and vomiting, eliminating phlegm and stopping cough, detoxicate poisons, indicated for anemofrigid cold(a wind-cold type of common cold), fever with aversion to cold, headache and stuffy nose, vomit, retch, phlegmatic cough, diarrhea (loose bowels), detoxify poisons of Pinellia tuberifera, Rhizoma arisaematis, fish and crab, the meat of birds and beasts, etc.
Administration of Fresh Ginger(Shēng Jiāng):
Administration Guide of Fresh Ginger(Shēng Jiāng)
①.Internally:3~10 grams;②.water decoction,1~3 qian(about 3~9 grams),or extract juice.Externally: mashed and apply stick, apply at the affected area or fried and ironing;③.water decoction, 3~10 grams, or extract the juice and take after mixing it with water, wine.Externally: proper amount, mashed and apply stick, or fried and ironing, or extract juice and smear.
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1.Introduction of Sheng Jiang:Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens or Fresh Ginger.