Acupuncture and Moxibustion:Acupoints:Meridian Points of spleen meridian.

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Acupoints:Meridian Points.

 Introduction: The meridian points are acupuncture point of a regular meridian.Introduction of Acupoints:Meridian Points,Meridian Points of lung meridian,Meridian Points of large intestine meridian,Meridian Points of stomach meridian,Meridian Points of spleen meridian,Meridian Points of heart meridian,Meridian Points of small intestine meridian,Meridian Points of bladder meridian,Meridian Points of kidney meridian,Meridian Points of pericardium meridian,Meridian Points of triple energizer meridian,Meridian Points of gallbladder meridian,Meridian Points of liver meridian.,Meridian Points of governor vessel,Meridian Points of conception vessel.

 
Meridian Points of stomach meridian.

 ancient portrait of stomach meridian The Basics: The basic terms of points of stomach meridian are introduced:points of stomach meridian(ST), chengqi(ST1),sibai(ST2), juliao(ST3), dicang(ST4), daying(ST5), jiache(ST6),xiaguan(ST7), touwei(ST8), renying(ST9), shuitu(ST10), qishe(ST11), quepen(ST12),qihu(ST13), kufang(ST14), wuyi(ST15), yingchuang(ST16), ruzhong(ST17),rugen(ST18), burong(ST19), chengman(ST20), liangmen(ST21), guanmen(ST22),taiyi(ST23),huaroumen(ST24), tianshu(ST25), wailing(ST26), daju(ST27), shuidao(ST28),guilai(ST29), qichong(ST30), biguan(ST31), futu(ST32), yinshi(ST33), liangqiu(ST34),dubi(ST35), zusanli(ST36), shangjuxu(ST37), tiaokou(ST38), xiajuxu(ST39),fenglong(ST40), jiexi(ST41),chongyang(ST42), xiangu(ST43), neiting(ST44), lidui(ST45).

 ✵points of stomach meridian(ST): acupuncture-moxibustion points distributed on the stomach meridian(ST).

 portrait of ST1 to ST4: ✵chengqi(ST1): point on the face, directly below the pupil, between the eyeball and the infraorbital ridge.Chengqi locates on the face, between the eyeball and the infraorbital margin, directly inferior to the pupil.

 ✵sibai(ST2): point on the face, directly below the pupil, in the depression of the infraorbital foramen.Sibai locates on the face, in the infraorbital foramen.

 ✵juliao(ST3): point on the face, directly below the pupil, on the level of the lower border of the nasal ala.Juliao locates on the face, directly inferior to the pupil, at the same level as the inferior border of the ala of the nose.

 ✵dicang(ST4): point on the face, directly below the pupil, beside the mouth angle.Dicang locates on the face, 0.4 F-cun lateral to the angle of the mouth.

 portrait of ST5 to ST17: ✵daying(ST5): point anterior to the mandibular angle, on the anterior border of the masseter muscle, where the pulsation of the facial artery is palpable.Daying locates on the face, anterior to the angle of the mandible, in the depression anterior to the masseter attachment, over the facial artery.

 ✵jiache(ST6): point on the cheek, one finger breadth anterior and superior to the mandibular angle.Jiache locates on the face, one fingerbreadth(middle finger) anterosuperior to the angle of the mandible.

 ✵xiaguan(ST7): point on the face, anterior to the ear, in the depression between the zygomatic arch and mandibular notch.Xiaguan locates on the face, in the depression between the midpoint of the inferior border of the zygomatic arch and the mandibular notch.

 ✵touwei(ST8): point on the lateral side of the head, 0.5 cun above the anterior hairline at the corner of the forehead.Touwei locates on the head, 0.5 B-cun directly superior to the anterior hairline at the corner of the forehead, 4.5 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵renying(ST9): point on the neck, beside the laryngeal protuberance, and on the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle where the pulsation of the common carotid artery is palpable.Renying locates in the anterior region of the neck, at the same level as the superior border of the thyroid cartilage, anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, over the common carotid artery.

 ✵shuitu(ST10): point on the neck and on the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, at the midpoint of the line connecting renying(ST9) and qishe(ST11).Shuitu locates in the anterior region of the neck, at the same level as the cricoid cartilage, just anterior to the border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

 ✵qishe(ST11): point on the neck and on the upper border of the medial end of the clavicle, between the sternal and clavicular heads of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.Qishe locates in the anterior region of the neck, in the lesser supraclavicular fossa, superior to the sternal end of the clavicle, in the depression between the sternal and clavicular heads of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

 ✵quepen(ST12): point at the center of the supraclaicular fossa, 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Quepen locates in the anterior region of the neck, in the greater supraclavicular fossa, 4 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline, in the depression superior to the clavicle.

 ✵qihu(ST13): point on the chest, below the midpoint of the lower border of the clavicle, 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Qihu locates in the anterior thoracic region, inferior to the clavicle, 4 B-cun lateral to the anterior median line.

 ✵kufang(ST14): point on the chest, in the 1st intercostal space, 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Kufang locates in the anterior thoracic region, in the first intercostal space, 4 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵wuyi(ST15): point on the chest, in the 2nd intercostal space, 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Wuyi locates in the anterior thoracic region, in the second intercostal space, 4 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵yingchuang(ST16): point on the chest, in the 3rd intercostal space, 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Yingchuang locates in the anterior thoracic region, in the third intercostal space, 4 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵ruzhong(ST17): point at the center of the nipple.Ruzhong locates in the anterior thoracic region, at the center of the nipple.

 portrait of ST18 to ST31: ✵rugen(ST18): point on the chest, in the 5th intercostal space, 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Rugen locates in the anterior thoracic region, in the fifth intercostal space, 4 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵burong(ST19): point on the upper abdomen, 6 cun above the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Burong locates on the upper abdomen, 6 B-cun superior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵chengman(ST20): point on the upper abdomen, 5 cun above the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Chengman locates on the upper abdomen, 5 B-cun superior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵liangmen(ST21): point on the upper abdomen, 4 cun above the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Liangmen locates on the upper abdomen, 4 B-cun superior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵guanmen(ST22): point on the upper abdomen, 3 cun above the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Guanmen locates on the upper abdomen, 3 B-cun superior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵taiyi(ST23): point on the upper abdomen, 2 cun above the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Taiyi locates on the upper abdomen, 2 B-cun superior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵huaroumen(ST24): point on the upper abdomen, 1 cun above the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Huaroumen locates on the upper abdomen, 1 B-cun superior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵tianshu(ST25): point on the middle abdomen, 2 cun lateral to the center of the umbilicus.Tianshu locates on the upper abdomen, 2 B-cun lateral to the centre of the umbilicus.

 ✵wailing(ST26): point on the lower abdomen, 1 cun below the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Wailing locates on the lower abdomen, 1 B-cun inferior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵daju(ST27): point on the lower abdomen, 2 cun below the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Daju locates on the lower abdomen, 2 B-cun inferior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵shuidao(ST28): point on the lower abdomen, 3 cun below the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Shuidao locates on the lower abdomen, 3 B-cun inferior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵guilai(ST29): point on the lower abdomen, 4 cun below the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Guilai locates on the lower abdomen, 4 B-cun inferior to the centre of the umbilicus, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵qichong(ST30): point slightly above the inguinal groove, 5 cun below the center of the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Qichong locates in the groin region, at the same level as the superior border of the pubic symphysis, 2 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline, over the femoral artery.

 ✵biguan(ST31): point on the anterior side of the thigh and on the line connecting the anteriosuperior iliac spine and the superiolateral corner of the patella, in the depression lateral to the sartorius muscle.Biguan locates on the anterior aspect of the thigh, in the depression among three muscles: the proximal portion of the rectus femoris muscle, the sartorius muscle and the tensor fasciae latae muscle.

 portrait of ST32 to ST40: ✵futu(ST32): point on the anterior side of the thigh, 6 cun above the superiolateral corner of the patella.Futu locates on the anterolateral aspect of the thigh, on the line connecting the lateral end of the base of the patella with the anterior superior iliac spine, 6 B-cun superior to the base of the patella.

 ✵yinshi(ST33): point on the anterior side of the thigh, 3 cun above the superiolateral corner of the patella.Yinshi locates on the anterolateral aspect of the thigh, lateral to the rectus femoris tendon, 3 B-cun superior to the base of the patella.

 ✵liangqiu(ST34): point on the anterior side of the thigh, 2 cun above the superiolateral corner of the patella.Liangqiu locates on the anterolateral aspect of the thigh, between the vastus lateralis muscle and the lateral border of the rectus femoris tendon, 2 B-cun superior to the base of the patella.

 ✵dubi(ST35): point on the knee, in the depression lateral to the patella and its ligament when the knee is flexed.Dubi locates on the anterior aspect of the knee, in the depression lateral to the patellar ligament.

 ✵zusanli(ST36): point on the anteriolateral side of the leg, 3 cun below dubi(ST35), one finger breadth from the anterior crest of the tibia.Zusanli locates on the anterior aspect of the leg, on the line connecting ST35 with ST41, 3 B-cun inferior to ST35.

 ✵shangjuxu(ST37): point on the anteriolateral side of the leg, 6 cun below dubi(ST35), one finger breadth from the anterior crest of the tibia.Shangjuxu locates on the anterior aspect of the leg, on the line connecting ST35 with ST41, 6 B-cun inferior to ST35.

 ✵tiaokou(ST38): point on the anteriolateral side of the leg, 8 cun below dubi(ST35), one finger breadth from the anterior crest of the tibia.Tiaokou locates on the anterior aspect of the leg, on the line connecting ST35 with ST41, 8 B-cun inferior to ST35.

 ✵xiajuxu(ST39): point on the anteriolateral side of the leg, 9 cun below dubi(ST35), one finger breadth from the anterior crest of the tibia.Xiajuxu locates on the anterior aspect of the leg, on the line connecting ST35 with ST41, 9 B-cun inferior to ST35.

 ✵fenglong(ST40): point on the anteriolateral side of the leg, 8 cun above the tip of the external malleolus, lateral to tiaokou(ST38), and two finger breadths from the anterior crest of the tibia.Fenglong locates on the anterolateral aspect of the leg, lateral border of the tibialis anterior muscle, 8 B-cun superior to the prominence of the lateral malleolus.

 portrait of ST41 to ST45: ✵jiexi(ST41): point in the central depression of the crease between the instep of the foot and the leg.Jiexi locates on the anterior aspect of the ankle, in the depression at the centre of the front surface of the ankle joint, between the tendons of extensor hallucis longus and extensor digitorum longus.

 ✵chongyang(ST42): point on the dome of the instep of the foot, where the pulsation of the dorsal artery of the foot is palpable.Chongyang locates on the dorsum of the foot, at the joint of the base of the second metatarsal bone and the intermediate cuneiform bone, over the dorsalis pedis artery.

 ✵xiangu(ST43): point on the instep of the foot, in the depression distal to the commissure of the 2nd and 3rd metatarsal bone.Xiangu locates on the dorsum of the foot, between the second and third metatarsal bones, in the depression proximal to the second metatarsophalangeal joint.

 ✵neiting(ST44): point on the instep of the foot, at the junction of the red and white skin proximal to the margin of the web between the 2nd and 3rd toes.Neiting locates on the dorsum of the foot, between the second and third toes, posterior to the web margin, at the border between the red and white flesh.

 ✵lidui(ST45): point on the lateral side of the distal segment of the 2nd toe, 0.1 cun proximal to the corner of the nail.Lidui locates on the second toe, lateral to the distal phalanx, 0.1 F-cun proximal-lateral to the lateral corner of the second toenail, at the intersection of the vertical line of the lateral border and the horizontal line of the base of the second toenail.

 
Meridian Points of spleen meridian.

 ancient portrait of spleen meridian The Basics: The basic terms of points of spleen meridian are introduced:points of spleen meridian(SP), yinbai(SP1),dadu(SP2), taibai(SP3), gongsun(SP4), shangqiu(SP5), sanyinjiao(SP6),lougu(SP7), diji(SP8), yinlingquan(SP9), xuehai(SP10), jimen(SP11),chongmen(SP12),fushe(SP13), fujie(SP14), daheng(SP15), fu'ai(SP16), shidou(SP17),tianxi(SP18), xiongxiang(SP19), zhourong(SP20), dabao(SP21).

 ✵points of spleen meridian(SP): acupuncture-moxibustion points distributed on the spleen meridian.

 portrait of SP1 to SP12: ✵yinbai(SP1): point on the medial side of the distal segment of the big toe, 0.1 cun proxial to the corner of the nail.Yinbai locates on the great toe, medial to the distal phalanx, 0.1 F-cun proximal-medial to the medial corner of the toenail, at the intersection of the vertical line of the medial border and horizontal line of the base of the toenail.

 ✵dadu(SP2): point on the medial border of the foot, in the depression just distal to the metatarsophalangeal joint.Dadu locates on the great toe, in the depression distal to the first metatarsophalangeal joint, at the border between the red and white flesh.

 ✵taibai(SP3): point on the medial border of the foot, in the depression proximal and inferior to the metatarsophalangeal joint.Taibai locates on the medial aspect of the foot, in the depression proximal to the first metatarsophalangeal joint, at the border between the red and white flesh.

 ✵gongsun(SP4): point on the medial border of the foot, anterior and inferior to the proximal end of the 1st metatarsal bone.Gongsun locates on the medial aspect of the foot, anteroinferior to the base of the first metatarsal bone, at the border between the red and white flesh.

 ✵shangqiu(SP5): point on the medial side of the ankle in the depression anterior and inferior to the medial malleolus.Shangqiu locates on the medial aspect of the foot, anteroinferior to the medial malleolus, in the depression midway between the tuberosity of the navicular bone and the prominence of the medial malleolus.

 ✵sanyinjiao(SP6): point on the medial side of the leg, 3 cun above the tip of the medial malleolus, just posterior to the tibia.Sanyinjiao locates on the tibial aspect of the leg, posterior to the medial border of the tibia, 3 B-cun superior to the prominence of the medial malleolus.

 ✵lougu(SP7): point on the medial side of the leg, 6 cun above the tip of the medial malleolus,just posterior to the tibia.Lougu locates on the tibial aspect of the leg, posterior to the medial border of the tibia, 6 B-cun superior to the prominence of the medial malleolus.

 ✵diji(SP8): point on the medial side of the leg, 3 cun below yinlingquan(SP9).Diji locates on the tibial aspect of the leg, posterior to the medial border of the tibia, 3 B-cun inferior to SP9.

 ✵yinlingquan(SP9): point on the medial side of the leg, in the depression posterior and inferior to the medial condyle of the tibia.Yinlingquan locates on the tibial aspect of the leg, in the depression between the inferior border of the medial condyle of the tibia and the medial border of the tibia.

 ✵xuehai(SP10): point with the flexed knee, on the medial side of the thigh, 2 cun above the superior medial corner of the patella, on the prominence of the medial head of the quadriceps muscle.Xuehai locates on the anteromedial aspect of the thigh, on the bulge of the vastus medialis muscle, 2 B-cun superior to the medial end of the base of the patella.

 ✵jimen(SP11): point on the medial side of the thigh, on the line connecting xuehai(SP10) and chongmen(SP12), and 6 cun above xuehai(SP10).Jimen locates on the medial aspect of the thigh, at the junction of the upper one third and lower two thirds of the line connecting the medial end of the base of the patella with SP12, between the sartorius muscle and the adductor longus muscle,over the femoral artery.

 ✵chongmen(SP12): point at the lateral end of the inguinal groove, 3.5 cun lateral to the midpoint of the upper border of the symphysis pubis, lateral to the pulsating external iliac artery.Chongmen locates in the groin region, at the inguinal crease, lateral to the femoral artery.

 portrait of SP13 to SP21: ✵fushe(SP13): point on the lower abdomen, 4 cun below the center of the umbilicus, 0.7 cun above chongmen(SP12), and 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Fushe locates on the lower abdomen, 4.3 B-cun inferior to the centre of the umbilicus, 4 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵fujie(SP14): point on the lower abdomen, 1.3 cun below daheng(SP15), and 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Fujie locates on the lower abdomen, 1.3 B-cun inferior to the centre of the umbilicus, 4 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵daheng(SP15): point on the middle abdomen, 4 cun lateral to the center of the umbilicus.Daheng locates on the upper abdomen,4 B-cun lateral to the centre of the umbilicus.

 ✵fu'ai(SP16): point on the upper abdomen, 3 cun above the center of the umbilicus, and 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Fu ai locates on the upper abdomen, 3 B-cun superior to the centre of the umbilicus, 4 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵shidou(SP17): point on the lateral side of the chest and in the 5th intercostal space, 6 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Shidou locates in the anterior thoracic region, in the fifth intercostal space, 6 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵tianxi(SP18): point on the lateral side of the chest and in the 4th intercostal space, 6 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Tianxi locates in the anterior thoracic region, in the fourth intercostal space, 6 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵xiongxiang(SP19): point on the lateral side of the chest and in the 3rd intercostal space, 6 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Xiongxiang locates in the anterior thoracic region, in the third intercostal space, 6 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵zhourong(SP20): point on the lateral side of the chest and in the 2nd intercostal space, 6 cun lateral to the anterior midline.Zhourong locates in the interior thoracic region, in the second intercostal space, 6 B-cun lateral to the anterior midline.

 ✵dabao(SP21): point on the lateral side of the chest and on the middle axillary line, in the 6th intercostal space.Dabao locates in the lateral thoracic region, in the sixth intercostal space, on the midaxillary line.

 
References:
  • 1.Meridian Points of spleen meridian.

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