✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.
Classifications of Herbs:Qi Tonics,Herbs for Replenishing Qi.
Introduction: Qi Tonics,Herbs for Replenishing Qi: also known as Qi-tonifying herbs, an agent or substance that tonifies Qi, used in treating Qi deficiency.
✵Till the date Oct 10th,2019, there are Totally  kinds of common TCM herbs,  kinds of related plant species, are recorded in this category. These Qi Tonics,Herbs for Replenishing Qi are briefly introduced separately:
Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Ginseng is the dried root of Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.(family Araliaceae), used (1).to powerfully replenish Qi and to promote fluid production for the treatment of prostration, general weakness, diabetes mellitus, impotence or frigidity, heart failure and cardiogenic shock, (2).to tonify the spleen and lung for the treatment of anorexia, cough and shortness of breath, and (3).as a tranquilizer for treating cardiac palpitation and insomnia.
Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Codonopsis is the dried root of Codonopsis pilosula(Franch.)Nannf.,Codonopsis pilosula var.modesta(Nannf.)L.T.Shen or Codonopsis tangshen Oliv.(family Campanulaceae), used to replenish Qi, promote fluid production and nourish blood for treating (1).deficiency of the middle Qi with general debility, anorexia, lassitude, and loose stools, and (2).deficiency of both Qi and Yin, with shortness of breath, pallor, dizziness and palpitations.
Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Pseudostellariae is the dried tuberous root of Pseudostellaria heterophylla(Miq.)Pax ex Pax et Hoffm.(family Caryophyllaceae), used in a similar way to Radix Codonopsis, Tangshen, less active as a tonic, but more active in promoting the production of body fluids. The herb is commonly known as Radix Pseudostellariae, Hterophylly Flasestarwort Root, Tài Zǐ Shēn.
Radix Astragali(Milkvetch Root).
Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Astragali is the dried root of Astragalus membranaceus(Fisch.) Bge., or Astrgalus membranaceus var.mongholicus(Bge.) Hsiao(family Legumonisae), used (1).to replenish Qi for the treatment of general weakness, anorexia and loose stools, prolapse of the uterus or anus, spontaneous sweating, and chronic nephritis with edema and proteinuria, and (2).to dispel pus and accelerate the healing of chronic ulcers. The herb is commonly known as Radix Astragali, Milkvetch Root, Huánɡ Qí.
Radix Hedysari(Sweetvetch Root).
Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Hedysari is the dried root of Hedysarum polybotrys Hand.-Mazz.(family Leguminosae), used as a substitute for Radix Astragali, Milkvetch Root. The herb is commonly known as Radix Hedysari, Sweetvetch Root, Hónɡ Qí.
Radix Glycyrrhizae(Licorice Root).
Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Glycyrrhizae is the dried root and rhizome of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., Glycyrrhiza inflata Bat., or Glycyrrhiza glabra L.(family Leguminosae), used (1).to replenish Qi and tonify the heart for treating arrythmia in cases of heart Qi deficiency, (2).to tonify the spleen for treating lassitude, anorexia and loose bowels in cases of spleen insufficiency, (3).to relieve epigastric colic and spastic pain of the limbs, (4).to dispel phlegm and arrest cough, (5).to clear heat and counteract toxins for treating sore throat, boils, sores and herbs overdose, and (6).most frequently for modulating the ingredients in a prescription. The herb is commonly known as Radix Glycyrrhizae, Licorice Root, Gān Cǎo.
Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata is the processed Radix Glycyrrhizae, Licorice Root by stir-baking with honey, used to tonify the spleen and heart, and particularly used for treating arrhythmia. It is commonly known as Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata, Prepared Licorice Root, Zhì Gān Cǎo.
Brief Introduction: The Herb Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi is the dried root and rhizome of Acanthopanax senticosus(Rupr.et Maxim.) Harms(family Aralicaceae), used to replenish Qi, strengthen the spleen, tonify the kidney, and induce tranquilization for the treatment of general weakness, anorexia, aching back and knees, and insomnia and dream-disturbed sleep. The herb is commonly known as Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi, Thorny Acanthopanax Root, Siberian Ginseng, Cì Wǔ Jiā.
Brief Introduction: The Herb Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae is the dried rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.(family Compositae), used (1).to replenish Qi, invigorate the spleen for the treatment of general weakness, anorexia, dyspepsia, and chronic diarrhea, (2).to arrest excessive sweating, and (3).to calm the fetus when treating threatened abortion. The herb is commonly known as Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome, Bái Shù.
Rhizoma Dioscoreae(Common Yam Rhizome).
Brief Introduction: The Herb Rhizoma Dioscoreae is the dried rhizome of Dioscorea opposita Thunb.(family Dioscoreaceae), used (1).to replenish Qi and Yin, tonify the spleen, lung, and kidney for the treatment of (1).weakness of the spleen and stomach with poor appetite and chronic diarrhea, (2).lung insufficiency with chronic cough, (3).insecurity of the kidney with nocturnal emission, polyuria and leukorrhagia, and (4).Yin deficiency in cases of diabetes. The herb is commonly known as Rhizoma Dioscoreae, Common Yam Rhizome, Shān Yɑo.
Semen Lablab Album(White Hyacinth Bean).
Brief Introduction: The Herb Semen Lablab Album is the dried ripe seed of Dolichos lablab L.(family Leguminosae), used to strengthen the spleen and resolve dampness for the treatment of (1).weakness of the spleen and stomach with anorexia, loose stools, and leukorrhagia, and (2).vomiting and diarrhea due to summer dampness. The herb is commonly known as Semen Lablab Album, White Hyacinth Bean, Bái Biǎn Dòu.
Fructus Jujubae(Jujube,Chinese Date).
Brief Introduction: The Herb Fructus Jujubae is the dried ripe fruit of Ziziphus jujuba Mill.(family Rhamnaceae), used to replenish the middle Qi, nourish the blood and induce tranquilization, and also used to moderate herb medicine actions. The herb is commonly known as Fructus Jujubae, Jujube, Chinese Date, Dà Zǎo.
Rhizoma Polygonati(Solomonseal Rhizome).
Brief Introduction: The Herb Rhizoma Polygonati is the steamed and dried rhizome of Polygonatum sibiricum Red., Polygonatum kingianum Coll.et Hemsl., or Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua(family Liliaceae), used (1).to replenish spleen Qi for the treatment of general debility and poor appetite, and (2).to nourish lung Yin for the treatment of chronic dry cough in cases of phthisis. The herb is commonly known as Rhizoma Polygonati, Solomonseal Rhizome, Huánɡ Jīnɡ.
Extractum Malti(Malt Extract).
Brief Introduction: The Herb Extractum Malti is the amber or yellowish brown, viscous liquid, with an agreeable odor and a sweet taste, prepared from malted grains of barley, Hordeum vulgare L., or malted grains of wheat, Triticum aestivum L., used as a tonic to replenish the middle Qi for treating general debility, also used as an antitussive for treating chronic cough. The herb is commonly known as Saccharum Granorum, Saccharum Granorum, Glucidtemns, Malt Sugar, Yí Tánɡ.