Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Common Species:(10).Ganoderma calidophilum.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb other identified common species of Lingzhi mushroom,(10).Ganoderma calidophilum, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these other identified common species of Lingzhi mushroom, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these fungus species, the features of these fungus species, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Other Identified Common Species of Lingzhi mushroom:(10).Ganoderma calidophilum.

 Except the species which defined by Common herbal classics,(1).Ganoderma lucidum(Leyss.ex Fr.)Karst.,or (2).Ganoderma sinense Zhao, Xu et Zhang. And those cultivated species of Ganoderma, (3).Ganoderma tsugae, (4).Ganoderma hainanense, (5).Ganoderma multiplicatum, (6).Ganoderma tenue, (7).Ganoderma atrum. There are some other identified wild species of the Lingzhi Mushrooms could be used, they are known commonly including species:(9).Ganoderma boninense, (10).Ganoderma calidophilum, (11).Ganoderma monglicum, (12).Ganoderma resinaceum, (13).Ganoderma valesiacum, (14).Ganoderma ahmadii, (15).Ganoderma capense, (16).Ganoderma tropicum, (17).Ganoderma duropora, (18).Ganoderma applanatum, (19).Ganoderma gibbosum, (20).Ganoderma lobatum, etc. These usable wild field species are introduced:

(10).Ganoderma calidophilum.


 Ganoderma calidophilum. Botanical description: Ganoderma calidophilum.J.D.Zhao is a fungus of the Ganodermataceae or Polyporaceae family and Ganoderma genus, it is commonly known as Hot-Prefer Ganoderma, or Xi Re LingZhi, basidiocarp (fruiting body) is annual, petiolate, suberinite. Pileus (cap) is orbicular, semicircle (semicircular), or nearly fan-shaped, sometimes irregular, 2–2.7 × 2.4–4.5 cm, thickness is 0.5–1.5 cm, the surface is russet (reddish-brown) or puce (purple-brown), sometimes is black-brown, has a lacquer-like luster, has concentric ring grooves and ring pattern, and vertical wrinkles; the edge is blunt or truncated; the context is divided into two layers, and the upper layer is wood color to hazel (pale brown), the part near the fungus tube is brown to dark brown (darkish brown), thickness is 0.1–0.3 cm; Fungus tube is 0.3–0.5 cm long, brown; the pore surface is white or near white; tube orifice is orbicular, 4–6 per mm. The prosthecae is dorsiferous, 5–12 (–24) cm long, 0.4–0.7 (–0.9) cm thick. Usually, it is puce (purple-brown) or atropurpureus (purple-black), glossy, often ranging in thickness, and mostly curved. 

 The husk structure is irregular sporiferous layer type, hazel (pale brown) to brown, and the tip of compositive hyphae is enlarged; the tip is 5–7.5 μm wide, and 20–30 μm long. 

 Mycelial system is a three-body type: generative hypha are transparent, thin wall, 3–4.5 μm in diameter; skeletal hyphae are hazel (pale brown), pachypleurous (thick wall) to farctate, arborizations (dendritic branches), the skeletal hyphae are 3–4.5 μm in dry diameter; sometimes one end connects with a thin-walled generative hypha, and flagelliform colorless binding hypha is formed at the end of branches; and sometimes some branches can form thin-walled generative hypha (generative hyphae); binding hypha is colorless, thick-walled, branched, 1.5–2 μm in diameter.

 The basidiospores are oval (egg-shaped), the top has many umbilicate protuberances, a few are slightly truncated, double wall, the outer wall is colorless and transparent, smooth, the inner wall is hazel (pale brown), no spinules or spinules are inconspicuous, 8.7–11.6 x 5.8–7.8 μm ( originally record was 10–12 or 13 x 6.2–8.7 μm ).

 Ecological Environment: Ganoderma calidophilum.J.D.Zhao grows in forest and mountain areas. This species is mainly distributed in Nanjing, Jiangsu, Pucheng County, Sanming, and Shunchang, Huanggang Mountain of Jiangxi, Longshan Mountain, Wuzhishan, Ba Wangling, Jianfengling of Hainan, Qiu Bei and Guangnan of Yunnan, China.
 

 
  

 

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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ling Zhi:Lucid Ganoderma or Ganoderma Lucidium.
  • 2.Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Common Species:Ganoderma calidophilum.

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