Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Common Species:(20).Ganoderma lobatum.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb other identified common species of Lingzhi mushroom,(20).Ganoderma lobatum, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these other identified common species of Lingzhi mushroom, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these fungus species, the features of these fungus species, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Other Identified Common Species of Lingzhi mushroom:(20).Ganoderma lobatum.

 Except the species which defined by Common herbal classics,(1).Ganoderma lucidum(Leyss.ex Fr.)Karst.,or (2).Ganoderma sinense Zhao, Xu et Zhang. And those cultivated species of Ganoderma, (3).Ganoderma tsugae, (4).Ganoderma hainanense, (5).Ganoderma multiplicatum, (6).Ganoderma tenue, (7).Ganoderma atrum. There are some other identified wild species of the Lingzhi Mushrooms could be used, they are known commonly including species:(9).Ganoderma boninense, (10).Ganoderma calidophilum, (11).Ganoderma monglicum, (12).Ganoderma resinaceum, (13).Ganoderma valesiacum, (14).Ganoderma ahmadii, (15).Ganoderma capense, (16).Ganoderma tropicum, (17).Ganoderma duropora, (18).Ganoderma applanatum, (19).Ganoderma gibbosum, (20).Ganoderma lobatum, etc. These usable wild field species are introduced:

(20).Ganoderma lobatum.


 Ganoderma lobatum Schw. Atk. Botanical description: Ganoderma lobatum (Schw.) Atk is a fungus of the Ganodermataceae or Polyporaceae family and Ganoderma genus, it is commonly known as Layering Ganoderma, or Ceng Die LingZhi, basidiocarp (fruiting body) is annual to perennial, sessile, suberinite or ligneous. The pileus (cap) is slightly rounded, slightly flat, 14–17 × 9–13.5 cm, the pileolus (small cap) is 4 × 3.5 cm in size, 0.5–2.5 cm thick, the upper surface is gray to pale brown, sometimes rusty brown, with concentric ring bands, no lacquer-like luster; the edge is blunt, complete. The context is brown to chestnut brown, up to 1 cm thick, and has a black chitinous layer (shell layer); the fungus tube is monolayer (single layer), 1–2 cm long, and dark brown to chestnut brown. The pore ​​surface is primrose yellow (pale yellow), slightly brown, and dirty white to dirty gray; the tube orifice is slightly rounded, 4–5 per mm. The skin shell is hard, similar to the type of interwoven shell, formed by transparent, leptodermous (thin-walled) generative hypha and pachypleurous (thick-walled), brown skeletal hyphae, hyphae intertwined with each other and uneasy to separate, the tip of former hyphae is sharp and thin or blunt, 6–7.5 μm in diameter, the latter hyphae are branched, 5–7 μm in diameter. The generative hypha on the surface of the skin shell forms a mycelial mat, mixed with skeletal hyphae, the total thickness is 60–80 μm.

 The mycelial system is three-body type: generative hypha is transparent, leptodermous (thin wall), branched, 4–5.5 μm in diameter; skeletal hyphae are brown to pale brown, pachypleurous (thick wall) to farctate, arborizations (dendritic branching) or acicular (acerous), skeletal part is 3–5 μm in dry diameter, flagelliform binding hypha is formed at the tip of branches, binding hypha is fawn color (flavotestaceous), pachypleurous (thick wall), often branched, 1–2 μm in diameter.

 The basidiospores are broadly elliptical to oval (egg-shaped), sometimes the tip is truncated, double-walled, the outer wall is colorless and transparent, smooth, the inner wall is hazel (pale brown), has spinules, 7–10 × 4.5–6.8 μm.

 Ganoderma lobatum Schw. Atk. Ecological Environment: Ganoderma lobatum (Schw.) Atk grows in the mountains and forests. This species is distributed in Miaofeng Mountain, Dongling of Hebei, Pixian county of Anhui, Diaoluoshan, Haikou, Bawangling, Xinglong, Wanning County of Hainan, Xishuangbanna of Yunnan, China. This species is mainly distributed in the USA (the United States of America).

 

 
  

 

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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ling Zhi:Lucid Ganoderma or Ganoderma Lucidium.
  • 2.Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Common Species:Ganoderma lobatum.

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