Introduction of Xianɡ Ru:Herba Elshotziae or Elsholtzia Herb.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The TCM herbalism is also known as pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, or Chinese pharmaceutics, is the branch of health science dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of Chinese herbs. It is majorly composed of Introduction of Chinese Medicinals, Classification of Chinese Herbs, Formulas, and Patent medicines.

Classifications of Herbs:Pungent-Warm Exterior-releasing Herbs.

 TCM Herbs Icon01 Introduction: Pungent-warm exterior-releasing herbs: an agent or substance herbs pungent in flavor and warm in property, which is usually used for treating a wind-cold exterior syndrome.

 
Herba Elshotziae(Elsholtzia Herb).

Elsholtzia Herb Pin Yin Name: Xiānɡ Rú.
 English Name: Elsholtzia Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Elshotziae.
 Property and flavor: light warm, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Elshotziae is the dried aerial part of Elshnoltzia splendens Nakai ex F.Maekawa(family Labiatae), used (1).to induce sweating and resolve dampness in cases of a summer cold, (2).to cause diuresis for relieving edema. The herb is commonly known as Herba Elshotziae, Elsholtzia Herb, Xiānɡ Rú.

 Botanical source: The herb Herba Elshotziae(Elsholtzia Herb) is the dried aerial part of the Elshnoltzia splendens Nakai ex F.Maekawa, it is a plant of the Mosla. Genus, the Lamiaceae or Labiatae(the mint or deadnettle family) family of the Lamiales order. It is also known as Chinese Mosla Herb, Herb of Haichow Elsholtzia.

 Common official herbal classics defined the herb Herba Elshotziae(Elsholtzia Herb, Xiānɡ Rú) as the dried aerial part of (1).Elshnoltzia splendens Nakai ex F. Maekawa. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb as the dried aerial part of species of the same family: (1). Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr, (2). Mosla chinensis Maxim. They are plants of the Mosla. Genus, the Lamiaceae or Labiatae(the mint or deadnettle family) family of the Lamiales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced as:

(1).Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr.


 Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr:flowering plant 01 Botanical description: It is also known as Elshnoltzia splendens Nakai ex F. Maekawa., or Elsholtzia ciliata., or Jiang Xiang Ru. Herbs erect, stems are 55~65 cm tall. The basal branch is longer, the upward branch becomes shorter. Stem four prismatic, base class circular, middle-upper stem with many thin longitudinal channels, four edges on the sparse growth pilose, stalked for the main curve pilose. Leaves opposite; Petiole 0.7~1 cm long, covered by small cilia; Leaf blade lanceolate, 3~6 cm long, 0.6~1 cm wide, apex acuminate, base acuminate, margin with 5~9 acute and shallow serrate, lateral veins conspicuous, yellowish-green above, pubescent, occasionally long woolly, lower pale, main veins pubescent on upper, remainder pubescent, with concave glandular points on both sides. Racemes densely spicate, 2~3.5 cm long, bracts imbricate, obovate-ovate or obovate, 5~6 mm long, 4~4.5 mm wide, apex mucronate, entire, upper half sparsely pilose, lower subglabrous; Below densely white villous, half densely pitted glandular, margin with long eyelashes, 7~9 veins, palmate from the base. Pedicels 1~1.5 mm long, pubescent. Calyx campanulate, 4 mm long, 2~2.5 mm wide, outer covered with white pilose and sunken glandular points, inner surface covered with white woolly above the throat, lower glabrous, 5 calyx teeth, subulate or lanceolate, nearly equal, about 2/3 of full length, base swelled when fruiting. Corolla mauve, or rarely white, 0.6~0.8 cm long, extending bracts, outer puberulent, inner surface tufted on coronal tube below the lower lip, coronal tube base with a ring of long hairs, remainder veins with sparsely short trichomes, lower lip middle lobe margin irregularly round or serrate, apex concave. Stamen, pistil, 2 vestigial stamens, development, 2 rooms nearly equal, filaments very short, glabrous, inserted on corolla tube; Stigma 2-lobed, reversed; Disk anterior fingerlike dilated. Nut is oblate, spherical, 0.9~1.4 mm in diameter, surface with sparse reticulate, net inside flat, with warty protuberance. Its flowering period is in June, fruiting in July.

 Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr:flowering plant 02 Ecological environment:  the plant grows wild on grassy slopes or under forests, at altitude up to 1,400 meters above sea level. Resource distribution: the plant is cultivated in Jiangxi Fenyi, Xinyu, and other areas, distributed in the east, central and southern area, southwest, and Taiwan of China.

 Growth characteristics: Strong adaptability, the plant likes the warm environment, not strict requirements on the soil, good drainage, loose fertile soil is appropriate, low-lying easy water logging land is not suitable for cultivation, better not continuous cropping.

 Characters of herbs: 14~30 cm long, the space agency is white with short fuzz. Stems are much branched, quadrate columnar, rounded near the base, 0.5~5 mm in diameter; The surface is yellow to brown, near the base is often a brown-red, the node is obvious, internode length is 2~5 cm. Brittle, easily broken, cross-section is pale yellow, opposite leaves, more shed, wrinkled or broken, the whole flat after a long and narrow lanceolate shape, 0.7~2.5 cm long, about 4 mm wide, margin with thin serrated, yellow-green or dark green; Brittle and fragile. Flower wheel densely into the head shape; Bracts white pilose; Calyx campanulate, apex 5-lobed; The corolla shrinks or falls off. 4 small fruit, wrapped in the calyx, fragrant, pungent and cool.

 All the cultivated products are 35-60 cm long, with longer down hairs. Stem thicker, internode length 4~7 cm. The one with tender branches, many ears, and the strong fragrance is better.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inducing perspiration; ②.antipyretic; ③.sedative; ④.analgesic; ⑤.antibacterial; ⑥.antiviral; ⑦.enhance immune function; ⑧.diuretic effect; ⑨.effect of expectorant; ⑩.antitussive; ⑾.inhibition on dermatophytes.

 Medicinal efficacy: Inducing perspiration, relieve the summer heat, activating water flowing and dissipate dampness, warm stomach and regulate the middle, prompt diuresis and eliminate swelling, indicated for cold affection in summer, headache and fever, aversion to cold without sweat, feeling of stuffiness in the chest and abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, edema, beriberi and so on.

 Administration of Herba Elshotziae(Xiānɡ Rú): 
 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Elshotziae(Xiānɡ Rú)
TCM Books: Internally:3~9 grams(CP), or water decoction,1~3 qian(about 3~9 grams),or grinded into powder(DCTM),or water decoction,3~9 grams, or prepare to pill,powder, or mouthwash with water decoction.Externally:proper amount,mashed and apply stick(CHMM), or 5~10 grams, water decoction; grinded to fine powder and prepared to pills, powder.Externally:proper amount, mashed and apply.

(2).Mosla chinensis Maxim.


 Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr:flowering plant Botanical description: Similar to Elsholtzia ciliata, but leaves are linear-lanceolate, 1.8~2.6 cm long, 0.3~0.4 cm wide, margin with 3 to 4 sparsely serrate, bracts more than 5 veins, crown tube inner base, parts with 2-3 lines of papillate or short clavate pilose, staminodes are not developed, 2 medicine room, large and small. Nutlets with deep acupoint or needle-eye carving, with glandular points in acupoint nests.
 
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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Xianɡ Ru:Herba Elshotziae or Elsholtzia Herb.
  • 2.TCM Books:DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica).

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