Introduction of Xianɡ Ru:Herba Elshotziae or Elsholtzia Herb.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb Elsholtzia Herb, its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, its botanical source 2 plant species, ①.Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr, ②.Mosla chinensis Maxim., with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these two plants, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these two plants, the features of the herb Elsholtzia Herb, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Herba Elshotziae(Elsholtzia Herb).

Elsholtzia Herb Pin Yin Name: Xiānɡ Rú.
 English Name: Elsholtzia Herb.
 Latin Name: Herba Elshotziae.
 Property and flavor: light warm, pungent.

 Brief introduction: The herb Herba Elshotziae is the dried aerial part of Elshnoltzia splendens Nakai ex F.Maekawa., used (1).to induce sweating and resolve dampness in cases of a summer cold, (2).to cause diuresis for relieving edema. The herb is commonly known as Herba Elshotziae, Elsholtzia Herb, Xiānɡ Rú.

 Botanical source: The herb Herba Elshotziae(Elsholtzia Herb) is the dried aerial part of the Elshnoltzia splendens Nakai ex F.Maekawa, it is a plant of the Mosla. Genus, the Labiatae family(Lamiaceae, mint family) of the Lamiales order. It is also known as Chinese Mosla Herb, Herb of Haichow Elsholtzia.

 Herbal classic book defined the herb Herba Elshotziae(Elsholtzia Herb, Xiānɡ Rú) as the dried aerial part of (1).Elshnoltzia splendens Nakai ex F. Maekawa. Other famous herbal classics defined the herb as the dried aerial part of species of the same family: (1). Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr, (2). Mosla chinensis Maxim. They are plants of the Mosla. Genus, the Labiatae family(Lamiaceae, mint family) of the Lamiales order. These 2 commonly used species are introduced:

(1).Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr.

 Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr:flowering plant 01 Botanical description: It is also known as Elshnoltzia splendens Nakai ex F. Maekawa., or Elsholtzia ciliata., or Jiang Xiang Ru. Herbs are upright, stems are 55~65 cm tall. The basal branch is longer, the upward branch becomes shorter. Stem is four prismatic, base class circular, middle-upper stem with many thin longitudinal channels, four edges on the sparse growth pilose, stalked for the main curve pilose. Leaves opposite; Petiole 0.7~1 cm long, covered by small cilia; Leaf blade lanceolate, 3~6 cm long, 0.6~1 cm wide, apex acuminate, base acuminate, margin with 5~9 pointed and shallow serrate, lateral veins conspicuous, yellowish-green on upper part, pubescent, occasionally long woolly, lower pale, main veins pubescent on upper, remainder pubescent, with concave glandular points on both sides. Racemes densely spicate, 2~3.5 cm long, bracts imbricate, obovate-ovate or obovate, 5~6 mm long, 4~4.5 mm wide, apex mucronate, entire, upper half sparsely pilose, lower subglabrous; Lower part is densely white villous, half densely pitted glandular, margin with long eyelashes, 7~9 veins, palmate from the base. Pedicels 1~1.5 mm long, pubescent. Calyx campanulate, 4 mm long, 2~2.5 mm wide, outer covered with white pilose and sunken glandular points, inner surface is covered with white woolly above the throat, lower part is glabrous, 5 calyx teeth, subulate or lanceolate, nearly equal, about 2/3 of full length, base swelled when fruiting. Corolla mauve, or rarely white, 0.6~0.8 cm long, extending bracts, outer puberulent, inner surface tufted on coronal tube below the lower lip, coronal tube base with a ring of long hairs, remainder veins with sparsely short trichomes, lower lip middle lobe margin irregularly round or serrate, apex concave. Stamen, pistil, 2 vestigial stamens, development, 2 rooms nearly equal, filaments very short, glabrous, inserted on corolla tube; Stigma 2-lobed, reversed; Disk anterior fingerlike dilated. Nut is oblate, spherical, 0.9~1.4 mm in diameter, surface with sparse reticulate, net inside flat, with warty protuberance. Its flowering period is in June, fruiting in July.

 Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr:flowering plant 02 Ecological environment:  the plant grows wild on grassy slopes or under forests, at altitude up to 1,400 meters above sea level. Resource distribution: the plant is cultivated in Jiangxi Fenyi, Xinyu, and other areas, distributed in the east, central and southern area, southwest, and Taiwan of China.

 Growth characteristics: Strong adaptability, the plant likes the warm environment, not strict requirements on the soil, good drainage, loose fertile soil is appropriate, low-lying easy water logging land is not suitable for cultivation, better not continuous cropping.

 Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr:dried herb Characters of herbs: The herb is 55~66 cm long. The surface is yellow-green, quality of texture is soft. There are 5~9 sparse serrations at the edge. The fruit diameter is 0.9~1.4 mm, and the surface is sparsely reticulated.

 Pharmacological actions: ①.inducing perspiration; ②.antipyretic; ③.sedative; ④.analgesic; ⑤.antibacterial; ⑥.antiviral; ⑦.enhance immune function; ⑧.diuretic effect; ⑨.effect of expectorant; ⑩.antitussive; ⑾.inhibition on dermatophytes.

 Medicinal efficacy: Inducing perspiration, relieve the summer heat, activating water flowing and dissipate dampness, warm stomach and regulate the middle, prompt diuresis and eliminate swelling, indicated for cold affection in summer, headache and fever, aversion to cold without sweat, feeling of stuffiness in the chest and abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, edema, beriberi and so on.

 Administration of Herba Elshotziae (Xiānɡ Rú): 
Reference: Administration Guide of Herba Elshotziae (Xiānɡ Rú)
TCM Books: ①.Internally:3~9 grams; ②.water decoction, 1~3 qian (about 3~9 grams),or prepare to ground herb powder; ③.or water decoction, 3~9 grams, or prepare to pill,powder, or mouthwash with water decoction.Externally:proper amount,mashed and apply stick, 5~10 grams, water decoction; prepare to finely ground herb powder and prepared to pills, powder. Externally:proper amount, mashed and apply.

(2).Mosla chinensis Maxim.

 Mosla chinensis Maxim .cv. Jiangxi-angr:flowering plant Botanical description: It is also known as Shi Xiang Ru, similar to Elsholtzia ciliata, but leaves are linear-lanceolate, 1.8~2.6 cm long, 0.3~0.4 cm wide, margin with 3 to 4 sparsely serrate, bracts more than 5 veins, crown tube inner base, parts with 2-3 lines of papillate or short clavate pilose, staminodes are not developed, 2 medicine room, large and small. Nutlets with deep acupoint or needle-eye carving, with glandular points in acupoint nests.

 Mosla chinensis Maxim:dried herb Characters of herbs: The herb is 30~50 cm long, purple at the base, yellow-green or light yellow at the upper part, all densely covered with white hairs. The stem is square column-shaped, the base is round, the diameter is 1~2 mm, the nodes are obvious, and the internodes are 4~7 cm long. The herb is crisp and easily broken. The leaves grow opposite, with much shrinkage or shedding. After flattening, the leaves are long oval or lanceolate, dark green or yellow-green, with 3~5 sparse serrations at the edges. Spike grows terminally and axillary, bracts oval or obovate, shedding or remaining; Calyx is persistent, bell-shaped, lavender or grayish green, apex is 5-lobed, densely covered with fuzz. 4 nutlets, 0.7~1.1 mm in diameter, nearly spherical, reticulated. The smell is fragrant and strong, and the taste is slightly spicy and cool.

 The whole length of the cultivated herb is 35~60 cm, which is sparsely covered with long hairs; The stem is thick, and the internode length is 4~7 cm. Those with tender branches, many spikes and strong fragrance are preferred.
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