Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Special Species:(26).Ganoderma rotundatum.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb other identified special species of Lingzhi mushroom,(26).Ganoderma rotundatum,its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these other identified special species of Lingzhi mushroom, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these fungus species, the features of these fungus species, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Other Identified Special Species of Lingzhi mushroom:(26).Ganoderma rotundatum.

 Except for the species which defined by Common herbal classics, and those cultivated species of Ganoderma, and other identified wild species of the Lingzhi Mushrooms commonly species. There are other identified special species not commonly used. These special wild species are introduced as:(21).Ganoderma curtisii.(22).Ganoderma daiqingshanense,(23).Ganoderma flexipes,(24).Ganoderma kunmingense,(25).Ganoderma ramosissimum,(26).Ganoderma rotundatum,(27).Ganoderma sichuanense,(28).Ganoderma submubraculum,(29).Ganoderma theaecolum,(30).Ganoderma amboineuse,(31).Ganoderma austro fujianense,(32).Ganoderma cochlear,(33).Ganoderma crebrostriatum,(34).Ganoderma dahlia,(35).Ganoderma fornicatum,(36).Ganoderma fulvellum,(37).Ganoderma guinanense,(38).Ganoderma luteomarginatum,(39).Ganoderma magniporum,(40).Ganoderma mastoporum,(41).Ganoderma mediosinense,(42).Ganoderma mirivelutinum,(43).Ganoderma ochrolaccatum,(44).Ganoderma parviungulatum,(45).Ganoderma simaoense,(46).Ganoderma tibetanum,(47).Ganoderma chenghaiense,(48).Ganoderma tsunodae,(49).Ganoderma formosanum,(50).Ganoderma multplea,(51).Ganoderma australe,(52).Ganoderma sanmingense,(53).Ganoderma annulate,(54).Ganoderma bawanglingense,(55).Ganoderma brownie,(56).Ganoderma aensiionatum,(57).Ganoderma diaoluoshanense,(58).Ganoderma limushanense,(59).Ganoderma meijjaganse,(60).Ganoderma philipii,(61).Ganoderma shangsiense,(62).Ganoderma trianglatum,(63).Ganoderma nugntum,(64).Ganoderma koningsbergii., etc.

(26).Ganoderma rotundatum.


 Ganoderma rotundatum J.D.Zhao. Botanical description: Ganoderma rotundatum J.D.Zhao is a fungus of the Ganodermataceae or Polyporaceae family and Ganoderma genus, it is commonly known as Big-Round Shape Ganoderma, or Da Yuan LingZhi. The basidiocarp (fruiting body) is sessile, suberinite to ligneous. Imbricate, base composes a circle around the substrate (substratum), loosely attached to the substrate, the diameter reaches 43 cm, the thickest part of the base reaches 7 cm; the pileus (cap) is slightly round or nearly fan-shaped, the width is 17–21 (–43) cm, thickness is 1.5–3 (–7) cm, the surface is dull puce (dull purple-brown) or dirty russet (reddish-brown), slightly has a lacquer-like luster, has conspicuous concentric ring grooves and ring zone, smooth, edge is blunt, entire or slightly wavy (slightly undulate). The context is up to 2.5 cm thick, and forms two distinct layers, the upper layer is whitish to wood color, and the lower layer is hazel (pale brown) to brown; the fungus tube is up to 2.5 cm long, unstratified (not layered), fuscid (stain brown) to brown or cinnamomeous; the pore surface is dirty white to hazel (pale brown); the tube orifice is slightly circular, 4–5 per mm.

 Ganoderma rotundatum J.D.Zhao. The husk structure is composed of an irregularly parallel arrangement of hyphae or interwoven hyphae, hazel (pale brown) to brown, compositive hyphae are 25–30 μm long, the tip is not enlarged, sometimes slightly pointed or blunt, usually width is 1.5–3 μm, some compositive hyphae have septum or torose (nearly bead-like), the ends are not in the same horizontal line.

 The mycelial system is a three-body type: generative hypha is transparent or colorless, leptodermous (thin wall), ramificate, 3–4 μm in diameter; skeletal hyphae are nearly colorless to slightly brownish, pachypleurous (thick-walled) to farctate, have arborizations (dendritic branching), skeletal part is 3–5 μm in dry diameter, flagelliform colorless binding hypha is formed at the end tip of branches; binding hypha is colorless, pachypleurous (thick wall), ramificate, 1.0–2.0 μm in diameter.

 The basidiospores are oval (egg-shaped) or truncated at the tip, double wall, the outer wall is colorless and transparent, smooth, the inner wall has spinules, or spinules are indistinct, nearly colorless to hazel (pale brown), 7–12 × 5–7 μm.

 Ecological Environment: Ganoderma rotundatum J.D.Zhao grows in mountains and forests. Geographical distribution: This species is mainly distributed in Yajia forest, Bawangling of Hainan provinces, China.
 

 
  

 

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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ling Zhi:Lucid Ganoderma or Ganoderma Lucidium.
  • 2.Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Special Species:Ganoderma rotundatum.

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