Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Special Species:(49).Ganoderma formosanum.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb other identified special species of Lingzhi mushroom,(49).Ganoderma formosanum,its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these other identified special species of Lingzhi mushroom, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these fungus species, the features of these fungus species, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Other Identified Special Species of Lingzhi mushroom:(49).Ganoderma formosanum.

 Except for the species which defined by Common herbal classics, and those cultivated species of Ganoderma, and other identified wild species of the Lingzhi Mushrooms commonly species. There are other identified special species not commonly used. These special wild species are introduced as:(21).Ganoderma curtisii.(22).Ganoderma daiqingshanense,(23).Ganoderma flexipes,(24).Ganoderma kunmingense,(25).Ganoderma ramosissimum,(26).Ganoderma rotundatum,(27).Ganoderma sichuanense,(28).Ganoderma submubraculum,(29).Ganoderma theaecolum,(30).Ganoderma amboineuse,(31).Ganoderma austro fujianense,(32).Ganoderma cochlear,(33).Ganoderma crebrostriatum,(34).Ganoderma dahlia,(35).Ganoderma fornicatum,(36).Ganoderma fulvellum,(37).Ganoderma guinanense,(38).Ganoderma luteomarginatum,(39).Ganoderma magniporum,(40).Ganoderma mastoporum,(41).Ganoderma mediosinense,(42).Ganoderma mirivelutinum,(43).Ganoderma ochrolaccatum,(44).Ganoderma parviungulatum,(45).Ganoderma simaoense,(46).Ganoderma tibetanum,(47).Ganoderma chenghaiense,(48).Ganoderma tsunodae,(49).Ganoderma formosanum,(50).Ganoderma multplea,(51).Ganoderma australe,(52).Ganoderma sanmingense,(53).Ganoderma annulate,(54).Ganoderma bawanglingense,(55).Ganoderma brownie,(56).Ganoderma aensiionatum,(57).Ganoderma diaoluoshanense,(58).Ganoderma limushanense,(59).Ganoderma meijjaganse,(60).Ganoderma philipii,(61).Ganoderma shangsiense,(62).Ganoderma trianglatum,(63).Ganoderma nugntum,(64).Ganoderma koningsbergii., etc.

(49).Ganoderma formosanum.


 Ganoderma formosanum Chang et Chen. Botanical description: Ganoderma formosanum Chang et Chen., is a fungus of the Ganodermataceae or Polyporaceae family and Ganoderma genus, it is commonly known as Ganoderma formosanum, Black Reishi or Taiwan LingZhi. The basidiocarp (fruiting body) has a mesic stalk, lateral stalk, excentric stalk, rarely sessile, suberinite to ligneous. The pileus (cap) is 15 cm in diameter, 0.3–2 cm thick, orbicular (subrotund), round or reniform, the surface has sparse concentric ring grooves, many annules or slightly vertical wrinkles, and is flat or concave in the center; the surface is claret red-brown, pale dark brown (pale black brown), dark grayish purple, black, has lacquer-like luster. The edges are sharp and blunt, sometimes recurved, regular to undulate; the thickness of the context is 1–3 cm, the upper part is white and thin, the lower part near the fungus tube is pale black or black; the fungus tube is 0.3–1.7 cm long. The prosthecae is up to 30 cm long, 0.8–2.5 cm in diameter, and verruculose.

 The husk structure is sporiferous layer type, hazel (pale brown), the compositive hyphae are cylindrical to clavate, 5.1–6.3 μm in diameter, and lengths are 35.6–48 μm. The upper context is composed of transparent binding hyphae perpendicular to the husk of the sporiferous layer, and the lower context is composed of skeletal hyphae and binding hyphae. The tube orifice is circular, 131–151(–181) μm in diameter. The wall of fungus tube is 60–122(–202) μm thick.

 The basidiospores are oval (egg-shaped) to torulose (subsphaeroidal), the tip has transparent papillae, not collapse or rarely collapse to truncated at maturity, brown, 11.5–12 (–12.5) × 7–7.6 (–8.5) μm.

 Ecological Environment: Ganoderma formosanum Chang et Chen grows in mountains and forests. Geographical distribution: This species is mainly distributed in Guizhou Province, Taoyuan County, and Shangming County in northern Taiwan. Worldwide, it is distributed in China.
 

 
  

 

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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ling Zhi:Lucid Ganoderma or Ganoderma Lucidium.
  • 2.Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Special Species:Ganoderma formosanum.

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