Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Special Species:(47).Ganoderma chenghaiense.

TCM Herbalism:Medicinals and Classifications. ✵The article gives records of the herb other identified special species of Lingzhi mushroom,(47).Ganoderma chenghaiense,its English name, Latin name, property and flavor, with a detailed introduction to the botanical features of these other identified special species of Lingzhi mushroom, the growth characteristics, and ecological environment of these fungus species, the features of these fungus species, its pharmacological actions, medicinal efficacy, and administration guide.

Other Identified Special Species of Lingzhi mushroom:(47).Ganoderma chenghaiense.

 Except for the species which defined by Common herbal classics, and those cultivated species of Ganoderma, and other identified wild species of the Lingzhi Mushrooms commonly species. There are other identified special species not commonly used. These special wild species are introduced as:(21).Ganoderma curtisii.(22).Ganoderma daiqingshanense,(23).Ganoderma flexipes,(24).Ganoderma kunmingense,(25).Ganoderma ramosissimum,(26).Ganoderma rotundatum,(27).Ganoderma sichuanense,(28).Ganoderma submubraculum,(29).Ganoderma theaecolum,(30).Ganoderma amboineuse,(31).Ganoderma austro fujianense,(32).Ganoderma cochlear,(33).Ganoderma crebrostriatum,(34).Ganoderma dahlia,(35).Ganoderma fornicatum,(36).Ganoderma fulvellum,(37).Ganoderma guinanense,(38).Ganoderma luteomarginatum,(39).Ganoderma magniporum,(40).Ganoderma mastoporum,(41).Ganoderma mediosinense,(42).Ganoderma mirivelutinum,(43).Ganoderma ochrolaccatum,(44).Ganoderma parviungulatum,(45).Ganoderma simaoense,(46).Ganoderma tibetanum,(47).Ganoderma chenghaiense,(48).Ganoderma tsunodae,(49).Ganoderma formosanum,(50).Ganoderma multplea,(51).Ganoderma australe,(52).Ganoderma sanmingense,(53).Ganoderma annulate,(54).Ganoderma bawanglingense,(55).Ganoderma brownie,(56).Ganoderma aensiionatum,(57).Ganoderma diaoluoshanense,(58).Ganoderma limushanense,(59).Ganoderma meijjaganse,(60).Ganoderma philipii,(61).Ganoderma shangsiense,(62).Ganoderma trianglatum,(63).Ganoderma nugntum,(64).Ganoderma koningsbergii., etc.

(47).Ganoderma chenghaiense.


 Ganoderma chenghaiense J.D.Zhao. Botanical description: Ganoderma chenghaiense J.D.Zhao is a fungus of the Ganodermataceae or Polyporaceae family and Ganoderma genus, it is commonly known as Ganoderma chenghaiense., or Chenghai LingZhi. The basidiocarp (fruiting body) is annual, usually sessile or has a stout short stalk base, suberinite. The shape of the pileus (cap) is often irregular or in lumps, sometimes is semicircle (semicircular), 4–4.5 (–12) × 5–6 (–8) cm, the thickness is up to 3 cm, generally, 0.5–1 cm thick, the surface is brown, red–brown or dark brown (black brown), with many longitudinal wrinkles, the part tending toward the base has a lacquer-like luster; the edges are hazel (pale brown), thin and sharp; the context is well-proportioned hazel (pale brown) to brown, nemaline, 0.2–2.8 cm thick, sometimes has black chitinous layer (shell layer); the fungus tube is 0.5–2 mm long; the pore surface is hazel (pale brown) or brown, whitish when it is fresh, turns hazel (pale brown) when it is dried; tube orifice is orbicular (subrotund), 4–5 per mm (millimeter). If it has a stalk base, it can reach 2.5 cm in width and has a stronger lacquer-like luster.

 The husk structure is classical sporiferous layer type, hazel (pale brown) to brown, compositive hyphae are clavate, the enlarged tip is usually 4.5–6.0 m wide and lengths are 20–25 μm.

 Ganoderma chenghaiense J.D.Zhao. The mycelial system is three-body type: generative hyphae are transparent, leptodermous (thin wall), 3.7–4.3 μm in diameter, and have a clamp connection; skeletal hyphae are hazel (pale brown) to brown, pachypleurous (thick wall) to farctate, arborizations (dendritic branching), skeletal part is 4–5 μm in dry diameter, flagelliform colorless binding hypha is formed at the end tip of branches; binding hypha is colorless, pachypleurous (thick wall), branches sometimes are orthogonal, 1–2 μm in diameter.

 The basidiospores are oval (egg-shaped) or nearly elliptic, sometimes the tip is slightly truncated, double wall, the outer wall is colorless and transparent, smooth, the inner wall is hazel (pale brown), and the inner wall has spinules, 7.5–10.5 (–11.4) x 5.3–7.5 μm.

 Ecological Environment: Ganoderma chenghaiense J.D.Zhao grows in mountains and forests. Geographical distribution: This species is mainly distributed in Xiamen city, Chenghai County, Puning County, Guangdong Province, Haikou city, and Dan County, Hainan Province. Worldwide, it is distributed in China.
 

 
  

 

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References:
  • 1.Introduction of Ling Zhi:Lucid Ganoderma or Ganoderma Lucidium.
  • 2.Lingzhi mushroom:Other Identified Special Species:Ganoderma chenghaiense.

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