✵To help clients and TCM fans know better with the common knowledge of ancient TCM and syndrome differentiation, there comes the online knowledge database in classified categories.
✵The main content including: the introduction of the prominent and talented Ancient Herbalists and Distinguished Physicians, the most influential and Well-Known Ancient Works, common Diagnostic Methods, the introduction of Common Disease and Syndromes, etc.
岐伯(Qí Bó),a famous physician in the reign period of Huangdi(year 2698~2589 B.C.).he was asked by the emperor to taste various kinds of herbs and to study medicine and pharmacy. The first and greatest medical work produced in China,the Huangdi Nei Jing, or Huangdi's Internal Classic, or Canon of Medicine-mainly consists of questions and answers between Huangdi and Qi Bo on health.
華佗(Huà Tuó):famous surgeon and master of all branches of medicine, also a famous Taoist Priest at end of Dong Han period and Three Kingdom period, also known as Hua Fu(華旉) or Hua Yuan-Hua(華元化)(year ?~203 A.D.), native to Pei Guo Qiao(today's Bo Town of Anhui province.). He was said to have performed many major operations including the abdominal section with herbal anesthesia and to be the first to recommend therapeutic gymnastic called Wu Qin Xi, or the Frolics of Five Animals. The book Zhong Zang Jing, or Treasured Classic was once ascribed to him.
葛洪(Gé Hóng):famous physician and world-renowned alchemist(year 283~344 A.D.), was native to Dan Yang Ju Rong, also a famous Taoist Priest at Jin period, popularly known as Ge Zhichuan or Bao Pu Zi,author of the Bao Pu Zi, a treatise on alchemy, dietetics and magical practices, and the Zhou Hou Bei Ji Fang, or A Handbook of Prescriptions for Emergencies, which includes many valuable descriptions and records of diseases. Ge Zhichuan is another name of Ge Hong, Bao Pu Zi is an alias of Ge Hong.
陶弘景(Táo Hóngjǐng), a famous Taoist who specialized in the study of herbs, also called Tao Tongming(year 456~536 A.D.), alias Tong Ming, native to Dan Yang Mo Ling. Also a famous Taoist Priest at Southern and Northern Dynasties period,who compiled the Ben Cao Jing Ji Zhu(7 volumes),or Commentary on Sheng Nong's Herbal, one of the most valuable books on materia medica in China, describing 730 varieties of medical substances,including vegetables,animal and mineral medicine. Tao was also the author of the Yang Xing Yan Ming Lu(Books of Nature Cultivation and Life Extending)(2 volumes).
孫思邈(Sūn Sīmiǎo, year 518 or 541-682 A.D.): prominent physician of the Tang Dynasty,also a famous Taoist Priest at Tang period,the author of the 《千金要方》(Qian Jin Yao Fang, or Invaluable Prescriptions)(652),total 30 volumes,combined 5300 recipes and formulas,and the 《千金翼方》(Qian Jin Yi Fang or Supplement to the Invaluable Prescriptions)(682),which have been considered compilations of the medical achievements before the 7th century.
王冰(Wáng Bīng, year 710~805 A.D.),physician specializing in the art of healing and health preservation,who spent twelve years rearranging and revising the Su Wen,or Plain Questions,one of the two component parts of Huangdi's Internal Classic,into 24 volumes, with notes,commentaries and supplements.
孫壹奎(Sūn Yīkuí),also known as 孫文垣(Sūn Wén Yuán) or 孫東宿(Sūn Dōng Sù),(year 1520 or 1522-1619 A.D.), author of the 《赤水玄珠》(Chi Shui Xuan Zhu, or Black Pearl of the Red River),《醫旨緒余》(Yi Zhi Xu Yu, or the Supplement of the Treatment Fundamental Points) and 《孫文垣醫案》(Sun Wen Yuan Yi An, or Case Records of Sun Wenyuan), collected by his sons, in which he advocates the combination of various schools and maintains that a doctor should be conversant with all the theories in order to master the whole art of healing.
張介賓(Zhāng Jièbīn):張景嶽(Zhāng Jǐngyuè), alias 會卿(Huì Qīng), name 介賓(Jièbīn), alternative name 通壹子(Tōng Yī Zǐ), famous herbalist of Ming Dynasty. Especially versed in the Internal Classic,Ever compiled medical works known including 《景嶽全書》(Jing Yue Quan Shu,or Jing Yue's Complete Works),《類經》(Lei Jing,or Systematic Compilation of the Internal Classic),《類經附翼》(Lei Jing Fu Yi),《類經圖翼》(Lei Jing Tu Yi),《質疑錄》(Zhi Yi Lu).
張仲景(Zhāng Zhòngjǐng):Zhongjing is the alias of Zhang Ji, herbalist Zhang Ji is one of the most influential physicians in the history of China(year 150~219 A.D.), a Legendary Generation Great Herbalist and Grand Master of Herbs both in history of China and the history of World. Herbalist Zhang Ji's great classic (Shang Han Za Bing Lun)is the first classic Medical Books which systemly represented and combined "Theory,Method,Recipes,Medine" completely.
王熙(Wáng Xī), talent herbalist, and according to some records he ever been a commissioner of the Imperial Academy of Medicine Jin Dynasty, also called 王叔和(Wáng Shūhé).Native to Gao Ping, Famous herbalist of late Han and West Jin. He was well versed in pulse-taking and was the author of the Mai Jing, or The Pulse Classic, the earliest comprehensive book on sphygmology now extant in China. He perfected and systemized the art of pulse-taking, yet emphasized the use of all the other methods of diagnosis as well. He rearranged Zhang Zhongjing's Treatise on Cold-induced and Miscellaneous Diseases, and thus contributed much to preserving the important classic of medicine.王叔和(Wáng Shūhé) was a famous herbalist and master of sphygmology in Ancient China.
甄權(Zhēn Quán, year 540~643 A.D.):physician in the Tang Dynasty,who was a leading expert at acupuncture and the author of the Zhen Fang, Needling Prescriptions, and the Ming Tang Ren Xing Tu,or Figures of the Human Body.
龐安時(Páng ānshí):physician noted for several medical works, among which the most widely read was a detailed and comprehensive treatise on various kinds of fever under the title of Shang Han Zong Bing Lun, or General Discourse on Cold-induced Diseases.
許叔微(Xǔ Shūwēi, year 1079~1154 A.D.): leading physician of the Song Dynasty and a disciple of Zhang Zhongjing. He prepared graphic illustrations of 36 varieties of the pulse based on Zhang Zhongjing's work and propounded the theory of using medicine in relation to the intensity of the disease. Xu was the author of several medical works, among which the Lei Zheng Pu Ji Ben Shi Fang, or Classified Effective Prescriptions for Universal Relief(1132?) in 10 volumes has been one of his most widely read.
李杲(Lǐ Gǎo):also called Li Mingzhi,or Li Dongyuan(year 1180~1251 A.D.),a disciple of herbalist 張元素(Zhāng Yuánsù), who held viewpoint that diseases,apart from external changes, were mainly caused by internal injury to the spleen and stomach(i.e. by intemperance in drinking and eating or overwork) and advocated cure by regulating the spleen and the stomach and nourishing the original Qi. He was considered to be the founder of the School for Strengthening the Spleen and Stomach.His masterpiece was the Pi Wei Lun,or Treatise on the Spleen and Stomach.Li Dongyuan, Li Mingzhi is other names of Li Gao.
王好古(Wáng Hǎogǔ):distinguished physician in the 13th century, also called Wang Jinzhi, or Wang Hai-Zang, whose chief contribution was the explanation of yin syndromes and the use of warming tonics in the later stage of cold-induced diseases. Five of his publications are extant, including the 《湯液本草》(Tang Ye Ben Cao, or Materia Medica of Decoction).